Advantages of Natural Gas

Advantages of Natural Gas

Contribution to the Environment

Advanced technologies that enable clean utilization of fuel can provide environmental benefits and thus allow the use of cleaner energy. The main by-products of combustion of natural gas are carbon dioxide and water vapor. Coal and oil are more complex fuels, with a higher carbon ratio and higher nitrogen and sulfur contents. Consequently when combusted they release higher levels of harmful emissions into the atmosphere. The combustion of natural gas, on the other hand, releases very small amounts of harmful emissions, reduces air pollution and thus maintains a healthy and clean environment. Natural gas is the cleanest of all fossil fuels and can be exploited in many ways to help reduce the emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere. This is far removed from the burning of coal and fuel oil, which release ash particles into the atmosphere and increase pollution levels.

Safer

Safety is a significant advantage when using natural gas. Its specific weight is lighter than air, allowing it to evaporate easily.

Economical

The price of natural gas is attractive when compared to other fossil fuels. Natural gas is a preferred substitute for Mazut, heating diesel fuel and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), which is created from crude oil. 

Production and Cogeneration Efficiency

Cogeneration is a technology that combines two processes – electricity generation and heat production. In this method, there is more efficient utilization of the fuel (whereas electricity generation via diesel generator/ turbine has low efficiency and loses heat through gas emissions and the cooling of engines). The cogeneration utilizes the two heat sources and recycles them for thermal processes. Plants that implement the natural gas cogeneration process are able to save electricity and use energy far more efficiently. As a result, there is a reduction in both energy wastage and pollution. Energy utilization acquired by natural gas can even reach 90 percent. Energy derived from other fossil fuels can only reach 55-60 percent at best.